Sardinia is the second largest island in the Mediterranean and has about 1.66 million inhabitants. Its capital is Cagliari.
Sardinia is 270km long from north to south and about 145km wide from west to east. The landscape is mostly hilly and the highest peak, Punta la Marmora, lies at 1834m altitude in the mountains of Gennargentu. The island, which is only 12 km separated by a Strait of Corsica, is located about 180km before the Tunisian and 120km off the Tuscan coast.
Apart from the Italian, 30% of the population speak the Sardinian language, which is mainly divided into two different language groups: "Il sardo logudorese", which is most similar to Latin and "il sardo campidanese", which is also the most widespread. In addition, several dialects are spoken: Il gallurese, in the Gallura region in the north, il Sassarese in the north-west of Sardinia near Sassari, and "algherese" in Alghero.The “algherese” dialect is an old version of Catalan and testifies to the occupation by the Spaniards in the long history of Sardinia.
The 1848 km long coastline with hundreds of offshore small islands offers a unique variety - from spectacular cliffs over fine pebble beaches to small coves with powdered sand beaches and emerald green water.
The winding paths in the middle of the Mediterranean Macchia and large forests with hills and valleys are perfect for long walks. Climbing trails on the cliffs and bizarre rock formations with panoramic views of beautiful bays are the ideal challenge for climbing enthusiasts. Mountain bikers can discover the beauty of the island by bike on their endless trails. Sardinia is a paradise for water sports enthusiasts - both below and above water.
The unique underwater world on the coasts is one of the most beautiful and species-rich of the Mediterranean and is a worthwhile destination for diving enthusiasts. Even windsurfers and kitesurfers will find perfect wind and water conditions to run high on numerous spots. Clear water and nearly no swell provide the best conditions for the trend sport stand-up paddeling.
If you want to combine swimming with active holidays, then Sardinia is the place for you.
Sardinia is not just a paradise for tourists who love the sea and the crystal clear waters. Also culture lovers find the right activities. Thanks to the many architectural prehistoric buildings such as the Nuraghi, Domus de Janas, tombe dei giganti (trench of the giants), pozzi sacri (holy wells), dolmen and menhir, which can be found everywhere on the island, you can enter the sometimes mysterious, immerse yourself in the prehistoric culture of Sardinia.
Nuraghi are the largest and best preserved megalithic monuments found in Europe. In Sardinia there are about 7000 of these towers and even some nuraghic villages. The most famous building is located in Barumini and has been designated by UNESCO as a cultural heritage.
Sardinia has a lot to offer in culinary terms. A selection of matured cheeses and cured meats, the typical shepherd's bread Pané Carasau, accompanied by a glass of wine from the region - the perfect aperitif is ready after a successful day. Fresh fish and seafood, as well as hearty meat dishes are an indispensable part of traditional cuisine and an important part of every dinner. For dessert, enjoy a famous Seadas and round off the evening with a homemade mirto or limoncello liqueur.